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Using the Gerund (-ing) in English?

Knowing when to use gerunds in English can be difficult. In this blog, we will explore the occasions when it is necessary to use the gerund form. When a verb ends in “-ing”, it may be a gerund or a present participle. It is important to understand that they are not the same. When we […]

The 2nd (second) Conditional

Second conditional

The second conditional is an extremely common and useful structure used in English to talk about hypothetical situations. While the 1st conditional refers to probable situations, the 2nd conditional is more philosophical in as much as it allows us to talk about how we would react or what would happen if certain conditions (however improbable) […]

0 (zero) and 1st (First) Conditionals

The Structure and usage of basic conditionals in English is relatively straightforward and can be easily explained. Today’s grammar blog deals with the zero and first conditionals which are the most basic of all the conditionals. The zero conditional is actually not considered to be a true conditional structure as there is no condition. It […]

Passive Voice

Last days of the zookeeper

The passive voice is a grammatical structure that enables us to emphasise the object of a sentence, rather than the subject. From First Certificate in English level onwards, you will be expected to be able to understand and use the passive voice correctly and may be graded on your use of it in both the […]

Which or That? The grammar rules

Using which or that in relative clauses

In certain phrases in English, you can use “which” or “that” such as, “Monday is the day that/which I hate the most!” However, sometimes you can only use “which”. For example: “I’m from Moscow, which is the capital of Russia.” The good news is that you can always use “which”, although most native English speakers […]